Foot Problems

Foot Diseases

Unlimited list of foot disease generally happen in your body.

 

  • Arthritis of the Foot
  • Foot Cancer
  • Freiberg`s Disease
  • Gout
  • Karposi`s Sarcoma
  • Kohler`s Disease
  • Maffucci`s Syndrome
  • Ollier`s Disease
  • Raynaud`s Disease
  • Seiver`s Disease
  • Sever`s Disease

Arthritis of the Foot

Arthritis of the foot is an inflammation and swelling of the lining of the joints and cartilage, mostly grow with an increase in the fluid in the joints. It is disabling and crippling disease. Arthritis relates with hereditary issue but it increase with age, mostly middle age are victim of this disease.

It doesn’t come all alone but it comes with 100s of more disorders. Feet are more affected by arthritis because there is no other way of bearing tremendous weight load on foot. Each foot has 33 joints that can be afflicted.

It can also bring loss of mobility and independence along with it, but they may be avoided with early diagnosis and proper Medicare with Foot Pain Management.

Cause :

  • Hereditary

Symptoms :

  • Stiffness (early morning)
  • Loss/limitation of mobility
  • Recurring pain/tenderness (any joint)
  • Redness/heat
  • Skin changes such as rashes and growths
  • Swelling (one or more joints)

Forms of arthritis

Osteoarthritis :

It is the most commonly found arthritis. It is often called as degenerative joint disease or “wear and tear” arthritis.

It occur during breakdown in cartilage and it get more sever progressive pain which can get cure with proper rest. Characteristic are night time pain, muscle weakness or deterioration. Overweight people are mostly affected by osteoarthritis. The additional weight contributes to deterioration of cartilage and the development of bone spurs.

Rheumatoid :

Rheumatoid is most serious form of arthritis and it is major crippling disorder. It is a complex, chronic inflammatory group of diseases, which often affects dozen smaller joints during its course, Its seen mostly in both ankles or index fingers of both hands.

Treatment :

  • Physical therapy
  • Exercise.
  • Medication.
  • Orthoses or specially prescribed shoes.

Foot Cancer

There are many forms of cancer of foot, which take different forms like cysts and lesions, and some are more widespread.

Malignant melanoma, Neoplastic disorders, Osteochondromas, Plantar fibroma, Giant cell tumors are the types of foot cancer.

Malignant melanoma :

Malignant melanoma is a type of skin cancer if it caught in early stage its easily curable. For 1% it’s a skin cancer but on other hand 60% is such skin cancer which takes to death. It generally occurs in the lower extremities only small amount occur in feet.

Neoplastic disorders :

Neoplastic disorders are generally called tumors. It is due to abnormal growth of tissues and sometime due to benign or malignant

Osteochondromas :

Osteochondromas are bone tumor under toenail. It forms in bone beneath toenail. 50% of cases are seen in children and young adults. It causes irritation to the surrounding tissues. It is generally not very painful. Sometime it can give birth to toenail and cause ingrowth to toenail. In few cases surgical treatment is require to remove it.

Plantar fibroma :

Plantar fibroma is benign tissue tumor or growth on the plantar, or bottom of foot. It grows deep inside on a thick fibrous band called plantar fascia. Non-surgical method to treat plantar is orthotics, when it is failed to provide relief to symptoms then in such case surgical removal is the option to go.

Giant cell tumors :

Giant cell tumors are non-cancerous tumors of the tendon sheath. They are firm irregular masses that are common. It is generally found on the toes, top of foot or side of foot. Sometimes they can also occur deep inside the foot.


Freiberg`s Disease

Freiberg disease is also known as a Freiberg infraction. It begins with pain in ball of foot. It occurs in long bone also called as metatarsals. It generally develops in the second metatarsal, but can occur in any metatarsal. Physical stress causes repeated micro fractures where the middle of the metatarsal meets the growth plate. These restrict circulation to the end of the metatarsal, causing the necrosis.

This is mostly seen in woman, athletes, and those with abnormally long metatarsals. Approximately 80% are women which got this disease. It causes pain which is due to loss of blood flow to growth plate I bone.

Treatment :

  • Reducing pressure (using crutches or orthotic)
  • Surgery (rare case, to reduce bone mass)

Gout

Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis. Joint at the base of the big toe is affected in about half of cases. It may also result in tophi, kidney stones, or urate nephropathy. It is caused by elevated levels of uric acid in the blood.

Characterized by recurrent attacks of a red, tender, hot, and swollen joint.

At high levels, uric acid crystallizes and the crystals deposit in joints, tendons and surrounding tissues, resulting in an attack of gout. Gout occurs more commonly in those who eat a lot of meat, drink a lot of beer, or are overweight.

In this case men are most likely to get affected then women. Gout was historically known as “the disease of kings” or “rich man’s disease”.

Symptoms :

  • Throbbing pain (3-4 hours)
  • Swollen
  • Big toe
  • Fatigue
  • High fever

Treatment :

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Steroids
  • Colchicine
  • Allopurinol
  • Probenecid
  • Specially made shoes (relieve pain)
  • Icing or cooling lotions

Karposi`s Sarcoma (AIDS related)

It is tumor caused by infection with HHV8. It is also known as Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpes virus or KS agent. It can occur on the sole of the feet and it is cancerous lesion. The lesion is irregular in shape and has a purplish, reddish or bluish black appearance. It tends to spread and form large plaques or become nodular. It appears as rubber.

Treatment :

  • Immuno deficiency or immuno suppression
  • Radiation therapy or cryosurgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Interferon alpha, liposomal anthracyclines or paclitaxel (for internal organs infection)

Kohler`s Disease

Kohler`s Disease is a rare bone disorder found in children between age of 6-9 year. Mostly boys are affected by this disease. It is caused when the navicular bone temporarily loses its blood supply. As a result, tissue in the bone dies and the bone collapses.

Symptoms :

  • Pain
  • Swelling

Treatments :

  • Immobilization
  • Reduced activities
  • Foot orthotics/inserts
  • Moderate exercise

Maffucci`s Syndrome

Maffucci`s Syndromeis a sporadic disease characterized by the presence of multiple enchondromas associated with multiple hemangiomas. Also lymphangiomas may be apparent.

Some form of injury or trauma to the toe results in the formation of the bony irregularity or prominence.


Ollier`s Disease

Ollier disease is a rare nonhereditary sporadic disorder where intraosseous benign cartilaginous tumors (enchondroma) develop close to growth plate cartilage. Prevalence is estimated at around 1 in 100,000.

Treatment :

Surgical (deformity)


Raynaud`s Disease

Raynaud syndrome, also known as Raynaud’s phenomenon, is a medical condition in which spasm of arteries causes episodes of reduced blood flow.

It is caused by contraction of the smooth muscles controlling the small arteries supplying circulation into the hands and feet. This contraction, or “vasospasm,” makes the arteries so small that they restrict blood flow. Exposure to cold temperature can often bring on a vasospasm.

The episodes result in the affected part turning white and then blue.

Raynaud`s Disease is most common in young women, and has no known cause. It typically is found in both feet and both hands.

Symptoms :

  • Pain
  • Discoloration
  • Sensations of cold and/or numbness
  • Swelling
  • Tingling

Treatment :

  • Vasodilators – calcium channel blockers
  • Alpha-adrenergic blockerprazosin
  • Losartan
  • Angiotensin receptor blockers or ACE inhibitors
  • Prostaglandiniloprost
  • Statins
  • Surgery (sever case)

Sever`s Disease

Sever`s Disease also known as calcanealapophysitis is an inflammation of the growth plate in the heel of growing children, typically adolescents. The condition presents as pain in the heel and is caused by repetitive stress to the heel and is thus particularly common in active children.

Cause :

  • Injury
  • Trauma

Symptoms :

  • Heel pain

Treatment :

  • Elevating the heel
  • Stretching hamstring and calf muscles 2–3 times daily
  • Using I.C.E. (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation)
  • Foot orthopedics
  • Medication
  • Physical therapy
  • Icing daily (morning)
  • Heating therapy
  • Open back shoe are best and avoid high heel shoes
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