Foot Problems

Foot Pain Problems

Foot Pain can have endless causes, nervous foot twitching to standing on your feet all day and putting extreme pressure on foot. Over foot carry us all day long. With god grace we are having tips to help foot or over carrier.

Cause by :

  • Arthritis
  • Bone spurs
  • Bunions
  • Calluses
  • Corns
  • Fallen arches
  • Gout
  • Ingrown toenails
  • Morton`s neuroma
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Sprains
  • Stress fractures of the metatarsal bones
  • Warts
  • Ill fitted shoes
  • Extensive use of the feet.

Pain Management for Specific Conditions :

  • Ankle Pain
  • Arch Pain
  • Arthritis
  • Ball of the Foot Pain
  • Bunions
  • Heel Pain
  • Metatarsalgia
  • Top of the Foot Pain

Ankle pain

Chronic lateral ankle pain is periodical which is on the outside part of the ankle. It’s formed after an injury such as a sprained ankle.

Symptoms :

  • Ankle instability.
  • Difficulty walking.
  • Pain (sometimes intense) on the outer side of the ankle.
  • Repeated ankle sprains.
  • Stiffness.
  • Swelling.
  • Tenderness.

Cause :

  • Ankle sprain
  • Fracture.
  • Arthritis.
  • Inflammation.
  • Injury (to the nerves that pass through the ankle. In such case, the nerves become stretched, torn, injured by a direct blow, or pinched under pressure).
  • Scar tissue (The scar tissue takes up space in the joint, putting pressure on the ligaments).
  • Torn or inflamed tendon.

Treatment :

  • Anti-inflammatory medications (reduce swelling).
  • Physical therapy (including tilt-board exercises, directed at strengthening the muscles, restoring range of motion, and increasing your perception of joint position).
  • Ankle braces or other supports.
  • Steroid medication.
  • Immobilization.

Prevention :

  • Follow your doctor`s instruction.
  • Complete prescribed physical rehabilitation program.
  • To return to your activity first cleared by your physician.
  • Use ankle brace to return to sports.
  • If you wear hi-top shoes, be sure to lace them properly and completely.

Arch pain

Arch pain is due to inflammation of a thick, fibrous ligament in the arch of the foot called the plantar fascia. Plantar fascia attack to heel bone and fans out toward ball of foot, and get attached to base of toe. It can turn to inflamed and begin to cause pain if ligament is stretched excessively.

Treatment :

  • Cortisone injections
  • Calf muscle stretching
  • Arch supports
  • Orthotics
  • Oral anti-inflammatory

Arthritis

Treatment includes

  • Physical therapy
  • Exercise
  • Orthoses
  • Foot soaks/paraffin baths
  • Ice packs
  • Massages
  • Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications such as Advil, Tylenol, and Aspirin
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications
  • Vitamins B6, B12 and folic acid combined in the Rodex Forte capsule

Ball of the foot pain

Pain in the ball of the foot is result of following inflammation :-

  • Inflammation of a tendon into the toe
  • Inflammation of the joint
  • Pinched nerve called a Neuroma

It is not associated with calluses it’s due to above inflammation.

Neuroma often causes burning pain into toe. Other reason of pain in ball of the foot is arthritis. It can affects multiple joints in the ball of the foot. Types of arthritis are rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and degenerative arthritis. Out of which Degenerative arthritis mostly affects the big toe joint.

Big toe joint can cause jamming due to its stiffness. If jamming left for over time it will cause enlargement on the top of the joint. Treatment for it is Anti-inflammatory medications, cortisone injections and/or functional orthotics.

Arthritis treatment :

  • Physical therapy and exercise
  • Medication
  • Orthoses or specially prescribed shoes

Cause :

  • Sesamoiditis (inflammation of two small bones under the big toe joint)
  • Stress fracture
  • Arthritis
  • Gout

Treatment :

  • Proper shoe
  • Orthoses
  • Periodic trimming or shaving the callous
  • Padding the shoes (remove pressure)
  • Functional shoe orthotics
  • cortisone injections
  • Surgery in sever case

Bunions

Bunions are malformation of the joint connecting to big toe of the foot which can lead to swollen and tender. It is characterized by deviation of the first joint of the big toe to slant outward and the second joint to angle toward the other toes. It can also be described as enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the bottom of the big toe. Its most common in the women.

Cause :

  • Hereditary
  • Ill fitted shoes.
  • Abnormal bone

Symptoms :

  • Irritated skin
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Bony bump
  • Shift of the big toe toward the other toes
  • Blisters

Treatment :

  • Footwear change
  • Padding and shielding
  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Medications
  • Surgery

Heel pain

Heel pain is also termed as “heel spur syndrome”, “Plantar fasciitis”. It is commonly traced to an inflammation on the bottom of the foot. A podiatry physician can evaluate arch pain, and may prescribe customized shoe inserts called orthoses to help alleviate the pain.

Treatment :

  • Anti-inflammatory medications
  • Ice packs
  • Stretching exercises
  • Orthotic devices
  • Physical therapy.

Metatarsalgia

Literally metatarsal pain or colloquially are known as a stone bruise. This is general term used to refer any pain full foot condition affecting the metatarsal region of the foot. This problem can affect joints and bones of the metatarsals. It’s ball of the foot just behind the big toe.

Foot pain in the “ball of your foot,” the area between your arch and the toes, is generally called metatarsalgia. The pain usually centers on one or more of the five bones (metatarsals) in this mid-portion of the foot. This can cause abnormal weight distribution due to over-pronation. Metatarsal joints become painful or inflamed during such condition.

Cause :

  • Development of callus under affected joint.
  • Arthritis
  • Foot injury (sports, car accidents, repeated stress)
  • Hard surfaces (cement or tile floors)
  • Specific footwear (rigid soled work boots)
  • Inappropriate shoes

Treatment :

  • Simple change of shoes
  • Full-length custom-molded foot inserts (in sever case)

Top of the foot pain

There are several joints in over foot, so there are several pains and its cause. To detect the right disorder and it’s cure. Pain location is very important to doctor. So that treatment can be directed in the best direction and in best way.

Treatment :

  • A limitation of activity
  • Below the knee walking casts
  • Functional orthotics
  • Oral anti-inflammatory medications
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